What it is
Negative Publicity is the adverse publicity that a firm may incur due to a particular reason, which may lead to potentially disastrous consequences. It results in the firm's reputation among its customers and competitors being badly tarnished. Needless to say, it hurts business real bad.
What causes it
Like the tiny spark that can start a bush fire, the causes of negative publicity can be various:
While an allegation might be true, more often than not its the unsubstantiated rumors that inflict more damage.
Why it spreads
This is a classic quagmire. A firm spends millions on promoting itself online through endless publicity campaigns. It places advertisements, sponsors discussion boards, forums et al till its name is well known to all those who matter. Then all of a sudden, one stray comment on how the last blog post by the firm's CEO hurt the sentiment of a potential customer surfaces. Like all things that should not spread, it snowballs and garners attention from everyone who thinks he is somebody. The forums are now pasted with hate mail and the firm loses face overnight. The very tool of publicity, the Internet, has stung back and stung deep.
As Winston Churchill once said :
"A lie gets halfway around the world before the truth has a chance to get its pants on."
That is the problem with Internet. It gets word around faster than anything else. In the good old days of verbal communication, negative publicity was not the worst that could happen. It could be quarantined. With the Internet, the only way that is possible is by plugging out the entire world.
Another important factor is people's vulnerability.
Eg: Imagine a firm that sells baby diapers. Its product is popular and soaks up more than half of its customers' discomforts. Unknown to its customers, it had to let go one of its employees who claimed mistreatment at the hands of the firm's administration. He was unsuccessful at proving himself but had to be let go because he was now ‘malware' for the firm.
Jobless and disgruntled, he vows to get back at the firm and starts a rumor about the potential health hazards of its diapers. The rumors claim unhealthy amounts of bleach to be present in the diaper linings. If exposed to frequently, it may result in irreparable skin damage and chemical poisoning in both the baby and its caretaker.
For a scientifically informed and inclined population, such rumors are meaningless. But just how willing the average mother is to let science disprove the rumor, especially when it concerns her baby's health is well known. Every mother in the country is shocked. The husbands too are alarmed at the dangers their wives and babies will be exposed to. The diaper firm is sued for millions within a week.
How do you counter it?
The golden rule is- Don't Panic! Here's what you should do if ever if you have to :
Identify the cause if it's not obvious. Get experts to verify/debunk any claims/rumors before making a public statement.
Get the best minds from within your firm and if need be, hire professionals from outside(say, a professional negative publicity management firm) to come out with convincing statements to counter allegations.
The best way to gain face is to quash unsubstantiated rumors with hard hitting facts. Stage numerous public demonstrations proving your point. Use the power of the Internet to reach out. This might be tricky if you really are the defaulter. In that case, get the best minds to mitigate the damage as best as possible.
After the initial storm has subsided, do not let up with re-building your image. Come out with attractive offers, make the customers take a tour of the production plant if relevant, get experts to vouch for your products, the works. Once dented, your image will be vulnerable to attacks for some time to come.
Prevention always works better though.
"A stitch in time saves nine"
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